Terminology

GeneralNumbersTechniques 1Techniques 2Techniques 3
  • Karate (Original) – Chinese Hand
  • Karate (Modern) – Empty Hand
  • Sanchin – Three Battles
  • Ryu – Style
  • Dojo – Training Hall
  • Sensei – Teacher
  • Sempai – Senior Student
  • Rei – Bow
  • Za – Kneel
  • Ritsu – Stand
  • Mokuso – Close eyes
  • Zen – Meditate
  • Smette – Attacker
  • Ukette – Defender
  • Kata – 1 person pattern
  • Kumite – Sparring
  • Bunkai – Kata Analysis
  • Kyu – Under Black Belt
  • Dan – Black Belt Level
  • Jodan – Upper area
  • Chudan – Middle area
  • Gedan – Lower area
  • Seiken – Fist
  • Empi – Elbow
  • Ude – Arm
  • Ashi – Foot
  • Men – Head
  • Hiza – Knee
  • Uchi – Inside
  • Soto – Outside
  • Yoko – Side
  • Ushiro – Back
  • Mae – Front
  • Uchi – Strike
  • Tsuki – Punch
  • Geri – Kick
  • Uke – Block
  • Dachi – Stance

Japanese Number System

To form numbers from 11~19, start with “juu” (10) and then add the number you need. Twenty is “ni-juu” (2X10) and for twenty one, just add one (nijuu ichi).

Number

Japanese

Number One in Japanese (Ichi) Ichi
Number Two in Japanese (Ni) Ni
Number Three in Japanese (San) San
Number Four in Japanese (Shai) Shai
Number Five in Japanese (Go) Go
Number Six in Japanese (Rokyu) Rokyu
Number Seven in Japanese (Sitti) Sitti
Number Eight in Japanese (Hachiji) Hachiji
Number Nine in Japanese (Kyu) Kyu
Number Ten in Japanese (Ju) Ju

Dachi Waza – Stances

Japanese

English

Musubi Dachi Attention Stance
Heko Dachi Ready Stance
Zenkutsu Dachi Forward Stance
Sheiko Dachi Wide leg Stance
Sanchin Dachi Three Battle Stance
Neko Ashi Dachi Cats Foot Stance
Tori Dachi Dropping Stance
Tsuri Dachi Crane Stance
Juji Ashi Dachi Cross Leg Stance

Uki Wa – Blocks

Japanese

English

JODAN AGE´ UKI UPPER AREA RISING BLOCK
CHUDAN SOTO UKI MIDDLE AREA OUTER BLOCK
GEDAN BARAI UKI LOWER AREA SWEEPING BLOCK
UDE´ UKI FORE-ARM BLOCK
HIKE´ UKI GRABBING BLOCK
URA UKI BACK HAND BLOCK
KOKUTO UKI BENT WRIST BLOCK
SHOTE´ UKI PALM HEEL BLOCK
JUJI UKI CROSS BLOCK
MAWASHI UKI CIRCULAR BLOCK
HATCHIJI UKI FIGURE EIGHT BLOCK
MIKAZUKI UKI CRESCENT MOON BLOCK
TSUKI UKI THRUSTING BLOCK
ASHI UKI LEG BLOCK

Tsuki Waza – Punches

Japanese

English

CHOKU TSUKI STRAIGHT PUNCH
GYAKU TSUKI REVERSE PUNCH
URA TSUKI INVERTED PUNCH
TATE´ TSUKI STANDING FIST PUNCH
KAZAMA TSUKI SNAPPING PUNCH
MOROTE´ TSUKI TWO HANDED PUNCH
AWASE´ TSUKI MOUNTAIN PUNCH

Uchi Waza – Strikes

Japanese

English

TETTSUI UCHI HAMMER FIST STRIKE
URAKEN UCHI BACK FIST STRIKE
HIRAKEN UCHI FORE KNUCKLE STRIKE
IPPON KEN UCHI ONE KNUCKLE STRIKE
SHUTO UCHI KNIFE HAND STRIKE
HAITO UCHI RIDGE HAND STRIKE
NUKITE´ UCHI SPEAR HAND STRIKE
IPPON NUKITE´ UCHI ONE FINGER STRIKE
SHOTE´ UCHI PALM HEEL STRIKE
TERRA UCHI TIGER CLAW STRIKE
EMPI UCHI ELBOW STRIKE
SHOMEN UCHI HEAD BUTT STRIKE

Geri Waza – Kicks

Japanese

English

MAE GERI FRONT KICK
HAISOKU KIN GERI GROIN KICK
YOKO GERI SIDE KICK
KANSETSU GERI JOINT (KNEE) KICK
SOKUTO GERI EDGE OF FOOT KICK
MAWASHI GERI CIRCULAR KICK
GYAKU MAWASHI GERI REVERSE CIRCULAR KICK
FUMI GERI STAMPING KICK
FUMI KOMI THRUSTING KICK
USHIRO GERI BACK KICK
HIZA GERI KNEE KICK
TOBI GERI JUMPING KICK

Gatame´ Waza – Locks/Holds/Chokes

Japanese

English

KAMI SHIHO GATAME´ UPPER BODY HOLD DOWN
YOKO SHIHO GATAME´ SIDE BODY HOLD DOWN
KESA GATAME´ SCARF HOLD
KATA GATAME´ SHOULDER HOLD
UDE´ GATAME´ STRAIGHT ARM LOCK
UDE´ GARAME´ BENT ARM LOCK
KOTE´ GATAME´ WRIST LOCK
HADAKA JIME´ NAKED STRANGLE
KATAHA JIME´ SHOULDER STRANGLE
JIUJI JIME´ CROSS STRANGLE
ERI JIME´ COLLAR STRANGLE
UDE´ JIME´ FORE ARM STRANGLE

Nage´ Waza – Throws/Takedowns

Japanese

English

ASHI BARAI FOOT SWEEP
TSURI KOMI ASHI THRUSTING FOOT
SOTO GARUMA OUTER WHEEL
SOTO GARI OUTER SWEEP
IPPON SEONAGE´ ONE ARM SHOULDER THROW
MOROTE´ SEONAGE´ TWO ARM SHOULDER THROW
IPPON SEOTOSHI ONE ARM SHOULDER DROP
MOROTE´ SEOTOSHI TWO ARM SHOULDER DROP
UKE´ NAGE´ FLOATING THROW
MEN NAGE´ HEAD THROW
OROSHI MEN DROPPING HEAD TAKEDOWN
UDE´ NAGE´ ARM THROW
UDE´ OROSHI DROPPING ARM TAKEDOWN
KOTE´ GEISHI TWISTING WRIST THROW
ASHI HISHIGI LEG GRAB TAKEDOWN
TAI OTOSHI BODY DROP THROW
KATA GARUMA SHOULDER WHEEL THROW
SUMI GEISHI TWISTING ACROSS THROW

Terms Used to Describe Techniques

The techniques listed above are BASE TECHNIQUES only, there are several different versions of most strikes depending on target, direction and level e.g. USHIRO, MAWASHI, EMPI, UCHI, JODAN.

Japanese

English

JODAN UPPER AREA
CHUDAN MIDDLE AREA
GEDAN LOWER AREA
UCHI INNER
SOTO OUTER
MIGI RIGHT
HIDARI LEFT
AGE´ RISING
OROSHI DROPPING
MAE FRONT
USHIRO BACK (REAR)
YOKO SIDE
MAWASHI CIRCULAR

TYPES OF SPARRING (KUMITE´)

Japanese

English

YAKUSOKU KUMITE´ PRE-ARRANGED
KATA KUMITE´ SLOW SPARRING
SANCHIN KUMITE´ STICKING HANDS
JIU KUMITE´ FREE FULL SPARRING
SHIAI KUMITE FULL CLOSE SPARRING
NE´ KUMITE´ GROUND SPARRING
RANDORI NO KUMITE´ SELF DEFENCE SPARRING